", 38; Pliny, "Hist. However, pearl has also been interpreted to be the meaning in these passages. God uttered a stern warning to the false prophetesses of Israel, who in their apostasy had adopted the pagan practice of wearing amulets. ghbsh (Job, xxviii, 18), qrh (Ezech, i, 22): both words signify a glassy substance; Sept. gabis; Vulg. And if the signification of the Hebrew names of the stones had not been carefully passed down from one generation to another while the breastplate was no longer in existence (for instance, during the Babylonian captivity), or if stones like those of the original breastplate were not available when a new breastplate was being made, there would inevitably be differences in the breastplate at different times. hyacinthus (Cant., v, 14); quasi visio maris (Ezech., i, 16); Apoc., xxi, 20, chrysolithos; Vulg. Structurally, it is a hexagonal crystal with a brilliant reflecting green colour. Yahalom, in Exodus 28:18; 39:11; Ezekiel 28:13: the 3rd stone, 2nd row, of the breastplate. Hence, for the middle stone of the 2nd row, the Hebrew texts were concordant in giving the name cappir, but they fundamentally differed from that of Josephus whose two descriptions agree in giving the name iaspis; it is not a difference of mere nomenclature or translation, but of the kind of stone set in a definite part of the breastplate. In the interpretation of the Hebrew names of the stones of the breastplate there is much greater difficulty, for no Hebrew literature other than the Old Testament has been preserved, and little help is afforded by the contexts of other verses in which some of the Hebrew names of precious stones occur. 6. The latter was thought by other naturalists to belong to an independent genus of stone. The term "chrysolite" is now applied to a different mineral, namely, to a yellow variety of olivine (silicate of magnesium and iron), a species that includes the green precious stone peridot as another of its varieties. Caravans having brought the stone to Palestine. Its conchoidal cleavage makes it susceptible to a highly polished state. yhlm. Therefore, stones of the same or nearly the same colour, but of different composition or crystalline form, bear identical names. Precious stones are used in Scripture in a figurative sense, to signify value, beauty durability, etc., in those objects with which they are compared. Beads and other ornaments of amethyst found in old Egyptian tombs show that the stone was regarded as precious in very ancient times. Septuagint probably translates iaspis, though iaspis is placed by the Septuagint as the 3rd stone, 2nd row; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) probably translates jaspis; English Versions of the Bible translate it as "jasper." in Tobit 13:16; Revelation 21:19: the 2nd foundation of the New Jerusalem. It's in the Bible, Ezekiel 13:18, 20 & 21 NIV. The number of the middle stone of any row is the same whichever direction of reading is adopted. Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) and the King James Version translate chrysoprasus; the Revised Version (British and American) translates "chrysoprase." This traditional identification, is based upon That in respect of the breastplate it is unsafe to collate the Hebrew texts of the various versions with that of Josephus may be demonstrated as follows. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. Interpretation of Greek Names Used by John: For the interpretation of the Greek names used by John, much help is given by Pliny's great work on Natural History, published 77 AD, for it records what was known about precious stones at the very time when John himself was living. in Isaiah 54:12; Ezekiel 27:16: The Septuagint translates iaspis (Isaiah 54:12) and transliterates chorchor (Ezekiel 27:16); Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) translates jaspis (Isaiah 54:12) and transliterates chodchod (Ezekiel 27:16); the King James Version translates "agate"; the King James Version margin translates "chrysoprase" (Ezekiel 27:16); the Revised Version (British and American) translates "ruby." thereby indicating beryl. An imported object, not a native product, (Ezech., xxvii, 16); it is perhaps the third stone of the foundation of the celestial city (Apoc., xxi, 19). 21:19-20 may be identified by their Greek names in the Greek Bible but many Greek jewel names are as hard to identify as the Hebrew names in the Old Testament. Topazion is not mentioned by Theophrastus. Stones, Precious. The 2nd stone of the 2nd row, termed cappir in our Hebrew text, is termed sappheiros in the Septuagint and sapphirus in the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) Wherever else cappir occurs in our Hebrew text, sappheiros occurs in the corresponding place in the Septuagint and sapphirus in the Vulgate; it may thus be inferred that in respect of the word cappir our Hebrew text and the Hebrew texts used for the Septuagint and Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) versions were in complete accord with one another. That author mentions, besides krustallos and margarites which occur elsewhere than in the description of the breastplate, nine of the Septuagint names of the breastplate stones, namely: achates, amethustos (as amethuson), anthrax, iaspis, ligurion (as lugkurion), onuchion, sappheiros, sardion, smaragdos. Learn about healing gemstones with this chart of stone meanings. Peoples, even today, wear stones as amulets for their supposed healing and protective abilities. It is a calcareous secretion of certain polyps resulting in a tree-like formation. simply transliterate the Hebrew word. This stone is probably the same as hyacinth (St. As either method may have been adopted by the Septuagint translators, it follows that 'odhem and bareqeth, the first and last stones of the 1st row according to our Hebrew text, may respectively be equivalent either to sardion and smaragdos, or, conversely, to smaragdos and sardion; and similarly for the other rows. Some are of opinion that beryls are naturally angular.". His breastplate was adorned with twelve stones and is described in the Bible as the breastplate of judgment or decision. in Tobit 13:17; Ecclesiasticus 32:5, English Versions of the Bible translates "carbuncle." If they are cut in any other way, these stones have no brilliancy whatever. The coral referred to in the Bible is the precious coral (corallium rubrum), the formation of which is well known. Pearl is a concretion consisting chiefly of lime carbonate found in several bivalve molluscs, but especially in avicula margaritifera. It is composed of different layers of variously coloured carnelian much like banded agate in structure, but the layers are in even or parallel planes. God tells Moses the two stones upon the ephod are, in fact, “memorial stones for the sons of Israel” and that “Aaron is to bear the names on his shoulders as a memorial before the Lord” (Exodus 28:12). Chrysolite, Heb. The crystallum of Pliny was the rock-crystal (clear quartz) of the present day. Onyx, Lat; Sept. onychion; Vulg. Beryl is a stone composed of silica, alumina, and glucina with beryl and emerald being of the same species. It is a species of agate and bears various names according to its colour. in Exodus 28:20, the Revised Version margin translation of Hebrew tarshish; in Revelation 21:19, English Versions of the Bible translation of Greek chalkedon. in Job 28:18: The Septuagint transliterates gabis; the King James Version translates "pearls"; the Revised Version (British and American) translates "crystal." Since the translations do not observe the same order as the Hebrew in enumerating the stones of the rational (see Beryl above), it is not mandatory to accept the Greek beryllos as the translation of shhm. Ligurus, Heb. But Hannah declares, “There is no Rock like our God!” 1 Samuel 2:2. Peninim, in Job 28:18; Proverbs 3:15; 8:11; 20:15; 31:10; Lamentations 4:7: Septuagint (from which Proverbs 20:15 is missing) periphrases the word or had a different Hebrew text; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) translates ebur antiquum ("old ivory") in Lamentations 4:7, but elsewhere periphrases the word or had a different Hebrew text; English Versions of the Bible translates "rubies"; the Revised Version margin translates "red coral," or "pearls," except for Lamentations 4:7, where the translation is "corals." shmyr; Sept. adamantinos; Vulg. They are a part of the ritual the people must do to communicate with God, both to worship God and atone for their sins. Although not a gemstone in the strictest sense, we can apply the word "stone" in a broader context similar to that of coral. Ruby. List of Names with Biblical References: probably Septuagint translation of shebho (Exodus 28:19; 39:12). In another place Pliny describes the color as like that of the leek, but as varying in tint between the topazion of his day (our peridot) and gold. Symbols and their greater meaning are something that requires careful consideration when studying the Bible. Sapphire was obtained from India. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Verse Concepts. Sapphire was the fifth stone of the rational (Ex., xxviii, 19; xxxix, 13), and represented the tribe of Issachar. It is the third stone in the third row of the rational, representing the tribe of Issachar (Ex., xxviii, 19; xxxix, 12); the Septuagint enumerates it among the riches of the King of Tyre (Ezech., xxviii, 13). But the complete difference of colors of smaragdos and sardonux suggests that the difference of the names is due, not to a Septuagint mistranslation of the Hebrew name shoham, but to an actual difference of the material; it may have been smaragdos (and green) at the time when the Septuagint translation was made, and yet sardonux (and red with a layer of white) in the time of Josephus. 38 Bible Verses about Precious Stones. As a gem, it is considered more beautiful, and therefore more expensive - aqua marine is a beautiful sea-green variety. Many passages in Holy Scriptures point to the qualities of diamond, in particular to its hardness (Ezech., iii, 9; Zach., vii, 12; Jer., xvii, 1).